(Lillian Maltese, pd. 8)
A topic that interested me because it reminded me a lot of the summer assignment was the Roosevelt and Civilization topic. Roosevelt, like many others at the time, felt that white people were dominant and civilized. As a white man, it was his duty to “civilize” natives in other countries. Presidents before him never really tried to meddle in foreign affairs, yet Roosevelt knew that it was his only choice in order to “save” natives in other countries.With the help of the Monroe Doctrine’s Roosevelt Corollary, Roosevelt went to other countries to help civilize those he saw were uncivilized.
White dominance is what Americans at the time sought after. However, what piqued Roosevelt’s interest of what a civilized society meant was up to the country's development. For example, Roosevelt saw Japan as civilized even though they weren’t white to him, yet their industrial phase was growing. Those in poorer and more Central American were seen as uncivilized, so Roosevelt planned to attack and take over these countries to better the countries, but truthfully it was to better America.
As seen many times in other countries, Roosevelt felt it was not only his duty, but a necessity to help out other countries to get them to a “better” place like America. For example, when the Philippines was unruly, Roosevelt felt the need to take over to help out the natives who had no government. He used his reasoning to create what came to be the greatest navy at the time as his “big stick” to get in the way of unruly and uncivilized countries. By showing of the great power of America, he had hoped that the natives will quell their anger and be at peace while Roosevelt planted his government into these countries to make sure they are governed by the likes of those the Americans could trust. Countries were slowly being taken up in Central America such as Panama and Puerto Rico so that America could benefit with trade, increasing wealth, and the spread of American leadership and takeover.
AP US History II
12 October 2015
I can understand as to why you chose this topic. Your blog/comment is very well written and clearly shows your understanding of this topic. While reading your blog it reminded me of the summer assignment as well. Specifically, it reminded me of the White Man’s Burden and how like stated in your blog Roosevelt took over the Philippines because the country was unruly. Roosevelt believed it was America’s job almost to fix the other countries, in which I do not agree. America should not have intervened in the affairs of the other countries even if it meant to show America’s great power. By intervening in other countries politics or government this would lead to tensions between those two countries in the future.
US History 2AP
7 October 2015
America and the Great War: The War and American Society
Throughout the start of World War I, nations and countries involved throughout it dealt with a major change by the end. However, America had only briefly experience World War I compared to the other nations, but the event caused extensive effects on the American government, the economy, and society (Brinkley 589). The general basis of the war revolves around a global war centered in Europe featuring the alliances; the alliances were at first the Triple Entente and the Triple Alliance. Nevertheless, despite the government and political affairs playing a major role within the phenomenon, the people of each nation held their own respective roles as well. Propaganda influenced the people of society causing the difference in emotion towards one nation and another, thus the war continued to progress due to the increase in aspiration and motivation.
With the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, a chain of events took place regarding the “bench cleaning effect;” this is due to one ally being in conflict with an opposing team resulting in others joining battle to assist. As a result, the event immediately careened out of control (589). On the contrary, being the beginning of what was soon to be considered the Great War, President Wilson of the United States of America desired to remain a neutral member (589). This was soon to change upon the sinking of the Lusitania; this was a ship attacked by a German submarine leading to the death of one hundred twenty-eight Americans (590). Taken as a personal offense, Wilson disputed against Germany in a demand to restrain their contact, but the two nation’s tension increased (590).
In an act to prepare for war, campaigns regarding the American troops and soldiers inclined to fight were a result of propaganda. From this, what the government chose to believe, the American people were inclined to that restricted perspective concerning the war. In the 1916 election, desiring an increase in armed forces, Wilson campaign the following statement in the concerns for the pacifists in Congress, “We didn’t go to war…He kept us out of war” (590). However, gradually, America’s involvement increased resulting in the brief experience the U.S. received from the war (589). Thus, Americans were forced into an assurance in loyalty and commitment of the people.
With a change in not only the American society, war changed in all aspects. As a result, the danger factors of being sent to fight had been heightened. New technology of warfare concerning trench warfare, improved guns and higher-powered artillery, and chemical gases aided in this factor of risk (594). Stated in one document, “It is far better to face the bullets than to be killed at home by a bomb…Join the army at one and help stop an air raid…” (590). The information within this statement emphasizes the concern of the penalty if one is not willing to serve in the army. However, this document uses both pathos and ethos in noting a general fear aspect the people of the nation can relate to; they are all in danger of being killed by a bomb.
Wilson had been unable to keep America out of the war despite his campaign to prevent the need to get involved. Nevertheless, concerned with the conflicts of the war and affects by Germany, the United States insisted on the initiative to fight back. As a result of the war, multiple nations were left in a tense atmosphere regarding their relationships with one another. In gaining citizens to voluntarily join and aid the army, posters and news would inform the people of the enemy in a hyperbolic manner. One statement follows, “…keep these off the U.S.A…Buy more liberty bonds” (599). An image is portrayed over the statement displaying bloody boots in reference to a Germanic symbol. As a result, the poster and statement conducts the inspiration to fight, but it aides in the powerful emotion against the enemy. Thus, with the influence of propaganda, the people played a major role in the progression of the war.
Good job in writing your blog post, I agree with everything you have written. Your blog post was very informational and well written. . Your writing included all the key facts to the chapter. After reading this I feel you really understand the chapter and are ready for tomorrows test. Your blog post is a perfect summary for this chapter. So good job.
I'd like to congratulate you on your blog post. I believe it was well-written and it is evident that you put much thought into your opinion. I must say that the propaganda during World War I certainly contributed to the tensions among the nations. It is true that the alliance system was also responsible for creating an intense ambiance. The one thing that interested me the most was the use of propaganda. According to the cartoon posters, everyone was able to support the war effort whether it be by eating less food, buying bonds, sewing socks for soldiers etc. I am fascinated by the way that people were easily influenced and encouraged. Their response to the propaganda was expected, seeing as though no one wants to have a bad reputation for not helping in one way or another. The propaganda made it seem as if one was helping the enemy if he or she wasn't doing anything to support one's own nation by asking questions like "On which side of the window are YOU?" Once again, great job, Gimelyn!
(Kayla Oakley, pd. 8)
As a neutral nation, America and its merchants initially traded goods such as food, clothing, medicines, equipment, and even arms to both sides in the war. American ports were open to all powers so long as they were used for non-military purposes. At first, both belligerent powers agreed not to interfere with neutral shipping lines. It is true that both powers often seized American merchant ships, but this provided few serious problems since both sides paid for the cargo they seized, but actions taken by the Germans during the early course of the war quickly caused many Americans to look more favorably on the Entente powers in both thought and action. Soon, it seemed to the Germans that the United States traded more with England and France than with Germany. More importantly, the Germans were having trouble receiving any goods from the U.S. and other nations, as the British Navy had placed an impenetrable blockade around the European continent. Suffering from a severe lack of supplies and food, Germany consequently began a great submarine campaign in February of 1915. Submarine, or U-boat, technology had only recently been perfected, and Germany had produced a large fleet of the new vessels prior to the outbreak of war.
As submarine technology was so new, regular naval ships had no method of defense. The German U-boat campaign was therefore so effective that even Germany was astonished by its success. Furthermore, Germany announced that it could no longer guarantee the safety of neutral ships. Wilson realized that this new campaign escalated the war to a new level, and he therefore began to push for mediation and settlement. He extended his services as arbiter to both sides and all nations involved. In 1915, he sent his trusted friend and advisor Col. Edward House to England, France, and Germany to propose a peace settlement. Neither side was willing to listen, however, because each thought it had the upper hand and would ultimately win the war. At the same time, Wilson also notified Germany that serious consequences would result if American lives were lost from illegal German submarine warfare. The situation become more tense in May of 1915 when Americans learned that the British ocean liner Lusitania had been destroyed by a German submarine. Over 120 Americans, including women and children, were among the nearly 1,200 casualties. Despite their outrage, however, the American people, Congress, and Wilson still wished to remain out of the conflict. Wilson declared that the U.S. would not retaliate, as peace was in the world's best interest. Instead, he dispatched a series of communiqués to Germany, appealing to their sense of morality to end their attacks on nonbelligerent shipping. William Jennings Bryan believed the communiqués were too aggressive. Fearing war with Germany, he chose to resign his position as Secretary of State rather than sign Wilson's note. The Germans understood the request, but only partially respected it. Within months another British liner, the Arabic, was sunk by a U-boat torpedo. Wilson again demanded the Germans to scale down the submarine attacks, and again the German government gave only a half-hearted acknowledgment. Then, in early 1916, Germany announced that it would begin attacking all merchant ships without warning in the waters around Europe, including neutral merchants. Wilson notified Berlin that this policy was illegal according to the international rules of war and were therefore unacceptable. Germany responded only with the destruction of the steamer Sussex in March. At this point, Wilson threatened to end all diplomatic relations with Germany, an act that would surely bring the United States into war against Germany. To prevent this–the German Emperor knew he could not defeat the combined strength of the Entente powers and the United States–Germany agreed to respect certain shipping lines. War had been averted, but only for a time.
AP US History II
12 October 2015
Technology of Warfare
As time progresses, humans advance in technology. Technology advances because particular events such as war inspire the creation of new technology. War causes people to develop new ways of killing others in an effective way. Advancements in transportation are also created in order to give people an advantage. World War I introduced new weapons, advancements in planes, and growth in the navy.
The war led to the creation of advanced weapons. Machine guns and higher-powered artillery could decimate an army with ease. Trench warfare emerged as a result because machine guns could end lives immediately. Tanks and flamethrowers were created in order to penetrate through the trenches. Mustard gas, an example of chemical warfare, emerged and would asphyxiate soldiers. Fighting became more lethal and more costly (Brinkley 594).
Airplanes became more prominent during the war; World War I was the first conflict where airplanes were heavily used. The usefulness of the planes that were used was debatable because of their relatively simple designs. The simplicity of the planes was balanced by the lack of advanced anti-aircraft technology. Control and maneuverability were also rather primative. Planes were also important because they branched off into specific jobs such as bomber planes, fighter planes, and reconnaissance aircrafts. These plane types are still used today (595).
The navy grew and developed during World War I. New battleships such as the British Dreadnought used turbine propulsion and electricity in order to function. Wireless telegraphy and advanced navigational aids demonstrated the progression of communication and navigation. Submarines such as the German U-boat became a staple part of naval warfare. The use of diesel engines provided a safer alternative to gasoline engines. In comparison to the steam engine, diesel engines were more compact. Vessels acted as both transportation and as weapons (595).
The introduction of innovative weapons, military planes, and naval vehicles gave World War I a distinguishing mark in history. The creation of potent weapons caused the creation of new war tactics. Planes gained an important role in combat. Naval vehicles utilized the new technologies of the time to create one formidable form of transportation and weapon. Humanity progressed in terms of technology but regressed because of the amount of deaths that occurred during the war. Because of the advancements that were made in World War I, modern warfare emerged as a result.
U.S. History 2AP
12 October 2015
Technology of Warfare: Reply
The emphasis that World War I resulted in the influx of what is now common technology used in warfare today is agreeable. Throughout the war, compared to how it began, the people involved in it suffered a drastic change in attitude over the decade; this in reference to the Christmas Truce of 1914. As a result, with a change in atmosphere, a change and improvement of weaponry was needed. As stated, this concluded in the invention of modernized styles of fighting tools such as planes. Despite their simplistic designs and fair usage, branching off to their development today emphasizes its importance back then. The unfortunate need for advanced weapons and higher powered artillery from the war became the basic format for what would be invented and used at present. Expanding your knowledge of the basic designs of weaponry back in the 1900s to now displays your understanding of how the modern warfare emerged from that time period!
Josh the one thing that stood out in your post was the citation and I give you a big thumbs up for that. I really liked the topic you chose because it was the same topic that interested me. It is really fascinating how technology advanced from muskets to machine guns, tanks, posionous gas, U Boats etc in a short period of 100-150 years. I liked how h divided the weapons between air, ground, and under water and keeping them organized. I also liked how you fully described the weapons and how they worked too. Overall it was a great job well done.
Great job on your blog! I learned so much about the technology used during war time. Some things I had never even known. The advancements in technology definitely made a difference in the war.
The Paris Peace Conference (page 604)
After a intense battle between the allied nations and the central powers World War One had finally come to an end. The allied nations had won the war and were in charge of making the peace treaty. They decided to hold the peace treaty in Paris on December 13, 1918. The people who were present during this treaty were David Lloyd George (Great Britain), Georges Clemenceau (France), Vittorio Orlando (Italy) and Wilson ( who was trying to gain dominance in the treaty.) These four men were known as The Big Four. Although Russia was part of the allied nations no representative of Russia came. For Russia was dealing with a problem with their government. The new government of Russia the Bolsheviks were fight the white counter revolutionist so they were preoccupied in their own matters.
The first issue they discussed in the treaty was to make the central powers pay for the war. Wilson wanted the central powers to pay compensation but the other leaders dismissed his idea. Instead they were going to set a price the central powers would have to pay for the war. At first the leaders agreed to make the central powers pay fifty six billion dollars to pay for the destruction caused towards the citizens and for the military as well, but after reconsideration the central powers only had to pay nine billion. Even though the price was lowered Germany would still have a hard time paying it off since their economy couldn't afford it. Along with Germany having to pay for the destruction caused during the war they also had many penalties both territorial and economic. All these things that Germany received would result in them being weak for the future which is a good thing as the allied leaders believed.
Although Wilson did not get his way in making Germany pay for the destruction of the war he did get his way on many other things. He got approval from the Allied nations to place former colonies and imperial possessions in trusteeship under the league of nations mandate system. He stopped the French from dividing western Germany into smaller states. He helped in the creation of two nations, Yugoslavia and Czechoslovakia. And each nation a collection of ethnic groups that frequently battled one another in the past. Wilsons also suggested the creation of the League of Nations. The job for the League of Nations was to prevent future wars from happening. On January 25, 1919 the Allied Nations approved of the League of Nations. With the League of Nations a group of nations would meet on a daily basis to discuss solutions to problems and maintaining peace. The league of Nations had a nine member excutive council, with five permanent members including The United States, Britain, France, Italy and Japan. Overall to Wilson at least the Paris Peace Treaty was a success.
AP US History II
12 October 2015
Response to Priya
Priya, I liked how your blog discussed the Paris Peace Conference. The conference outlined what would happen next after the war. The United States, Great Britain, France, and Italy all had representation. Russia had no representative because of its government issues. The Big Four agreed with punishing the central powers by making them pay for the damages; Germany received multiple penalties. In the end, President Wilson seemed to be the most successful leader that was there because he got most of his demands. He was able to form the League of Nations and create some new nations. Despite the League of Nations’s failure to prevent war, Wilson still received his goal of its formation. Compromise was the key to reaching agreement with the Big Four. Ill opinions of their former enemies led to the final outcome.
Priya's insight into the mind of Woodrow Wilson was a great observation and definitely sets up many topics that can be brought up or debated upon. She was able to show how Wilson wanted the central powers to compensate for the destruction brought on by the war and how much they had to pay. At the time, Wilson would've been seen a hero and fighting for America. Yet, to think about it, $56 billion is quite a lot of money for people who just invested into a war and lost. This is especially true when regarding the fact that this is much different than the inflated $56 billion from today's standards. After a quick calculation, I found out that the amount owed is $1.35 trillion today! Another interesting idea is that Germany was seen as a potential economic crisis country not only after WWI but also WWII. The debt that they owed eventually would be lowered or brought to nothing after the country showed its importance. Now, Germany is seen as a big help in economic bailouts, especially to Greece with their economic crisis. Germany has come a long way from the days of WWI.
Organizing the Economy for War (Page 596)
Although America was not involved in World War 1 for long, there was a lot of preparing necessary in order to fund our economy for the involvement. By time the war was over, America had spent $32 billion. In order to finance the war, America came up with two different ideas on how to get money. The first idea involved Liberty Bonds. By 1920, the bonds had brought in $23 billion. Also, new taxes were imposed on the public that brought in $10 billion.
A Council of National Defense was also started. The original group was split up into smaller groups that each focused on a specific part of the war that needed funding. These individual war boards ensured that war funding did not exceed the domestic economy of that time.
Another group that started was the "War Industries Board." They coordinated government purchases of war supplies. Bernard Baruch stepped in a year after it was created and reorganized the whole thing. He controlled the factories that converted over to create war materials. He was regulating the center of the war at this time. Although this group was not always liked or appreciated, the did bring in lots of money for certain industries.
Wow Nicolette that is very interesting piece of information to find to which upon I can agree with. Even though the Americans weren’t present since the beginning, the Americans still managed to spend around thirty-two billion for the war. Because the Americans were drowning in the debt, they came up with clever ways to raise money to subside the expenses. The government came up the idea of Liberty Bonds, which earned them around twenty-three billion and raising taxes which eventually raised them ten billion. These clever ways organized and helped the United States financially. However, what I found during my studies of this chapter was that their economy fell apart again by the end of the war. Inflation of prices skyrocketed during the turn of the war. Everything was in supply of demand and was at least fifteen percent more expensive. Could you even imagine that? That is insane! Millions jobs were lost (Around five million). Not only jobs were lost but also even properties were taken. Around half a million farmers’ lands were taken away. You wouldn’t want to imagine what was going through these American’s minds. If only the government had a clever way to resolve these problems like what they did with their war debt.
U.S. History 2AP
12 October 2015
Organizing the Economy for War: Reply
The understanding to the tragic depression America faced after the war is understood and interpreted clearly within the essay. The results of the Great War had led to a global economy decline, but the United States had received economic retreat that had soon established slight recovery the year after. Nevertheless, as stated, in implementing a solution to the dilemma, new taxes were proposed and bonds were advertised to the public. Earning back what had been lost and overused, America struggled to finance after the war. Thus, the time period resulted in harsher living situations for all people in all social classes. Prices rose, farming land decreased, and jobs were lost, the entirety of the situation had been unfortunate.
Nicolette, the information you have provided really shows how much the war can economically affect a country. Even though America was not present the entire war, they still managed to spend billions of dollars participating in it. Also, choosing to partake in the war efforts will later result in problems, both financial and emotional, that will be extremely difficult to recover from.
Wow Nicolette! It seems you have really understood this chapter and I have found this very interesting.The piece i liked the most was that by 1920, the bonds had brought in $23 billion.Also, new taxes were imposed on the public that brought in $10 billion. That is a lot of money!
Nicolette, you did a great job on understanding how the war affected the economy. Even though the US wasn't there for the beginning of the war, they still put billions of dollars into it. Money was being lost in every second of this war and it was very hard to bounce back from.
(Daniela Cavallaro, pd. 8)
Prior to learning and discussing about WWI, I did not have complete knowledge of the type of warfare used during the war. From analyzing and comprehending the text given, I found that the topic of the new warfare in WWI interests me.
New technology and weaponry advancements made the war more complex and deadly. During this time period, airplanes were shot down by artillary from the ground with the use of riffles and pistols. From other nearby planes, some planes were shot down with machine guns within the plane. Germany used a great amount of bomber planes to drop bombs below on cities, destroying them completely. Massive tanks were used to cross trenches; tanks were unstoppable against German soldiers. On the other hand, while at sea, submarines attacked ships from underwater using torpedoes. In addition, underwater listening devices were developed. Warships during the war became much more faster and powerful.
The trenches sheltered troops while allowing inconclusive fighting. The immense amount of bullets and shells flying through the air made it necessary for troops to seek shelter in these trenches. One of the things that I was appalled by was the use of chemical warfare. Chemical warfare was introduced by German's and began being utilized during the war. A range of different chemicals were being utilized throughout the war. Tear gas, Chlorine gas, Phosgene & Diphosgene gas, and Mustard Gas were used. The use of these chemicals resulted in approximately 1,240,000 non-fatal casualties, and 91,000 fatalities. The variety of chemicals all have a different effect upon victims throughout the conflict. For the exception of tear gas, the Germans forces first used the gases against their enemies. The development and production of war gases created a new and complex public health threat that endangered not only soldiers and civilians on the battlefield but chemical workers also. The modern innovations made during the war had a great impact on technology throughout history. The use of tanks, artillery, airplanes, and chemical gases created a more catastrophic war and deadly war. World War I was a time of progression of modernized technology and innovations.
Trench Warfare was a very violent method of war. The typical trench was dug around twelve feet deep into the ground. There was often an embankment at the top of the trench and a barbed wire fence. Some trenches were reinforced with wood beams or sandbags. The bottom of the trench was usually covered with wooden boards called duckboards. The duckboards were meant to keep the soldiers' feet above the water that would collect at the bottom of the trench. The trenches weren't dug in one long straight line, but were built as more of a system of trenches. They were dug in a zigzag pattern and there were many levels of trenches along the lines with paths dug so soldiers could travel between the levels. Soldiers generally rotated through three stages of the front. They would spend some time in the front line trenches, some time in the support trenches, and some time resting. They almost always had some sort of job to do whether it was repairing the trenches, guard duty, moving supplies, undergoing inspections, or cleaning their weapons. There were all sorts of pests living in the trenches including rats, lice, and frogs.
Kayla Oakley (Pd. 8)
I found this information extremely helpful, I would've never guessed the trenches were 12 feet deep! Did you know that since the trenches were so deep that a number of armies used a periscope rifle, which enabled soldiers to snipe at the enemy without exposing themselves over the trench, even though it reduced the shooting accuracy. I also agree with you when you said Trench Warfare was a violent method of war, about 10% of the fighting soldiers were killed and for British troops on the Western Front the total proportion of troops who became casualties was 56%! Talk about violent, and RISKY.
Good job on your blog Bryan! I did mine also on Trench Warfare! I thought it was a really interesting topic because that strategy is still used today. Your blog had different information than mine and I did learn some different things from it. Some of our information could compare because it was similar but some was different it' helps to get a different insight on a topic.
Overall, after learning about this war it's fascinating to see how much Russia was influenced and changed. In 1914, World War I began and Russia was at war with Germany. A huge Russian army was formed by forcing working class and peasant men to join. Although the Russian army had great numbers, the soldiers were not equipped or trained to fight. Many of them were sent into battle without shoes, food, and even weapons. Over the next three years, nearly 2 million Russian soldiers were killed in battle and nearly another 5 million were wounded. The Russian people blamed the czar for entering the war and getting so many of their young men killed. The people of Russia first revolted in early 1917. The revolution began when a number of workers decided to strike. Many of these workers got together during the strike to discuss politics. They began to riot. The Czar, Nicholas II, ordered the army to suppress the riot. However, many of the soldiers refused to fire on the Russian people and the army began to mutiny against the Czar. After a few days of riots, the army turned against the Czar. The Czar was forced to give up his throne and a new government took over. The government was run by two political parties: the Petrograd Soviet (representing the workers and soldiers) and the Provisional Government (the traditional government without the Czar). In October of 1917, Lenin took full control of the government in what is called the Bolshevik Revolution. Russia was now the first communist country in the world and this caused Russia to leave WWI.
I really find this topic very interesting. It's sad how the Czar sent soldiers in without the basic supplies required to do their job. According to this post and many other sources, the Czar seemed very dim and unintelligent. What surprised me is how he ordered his soldiers to fire on their fellow countrymen. I understand why his people would revolt against him. Even after the revolt, though, Russia was still having problems. A couple years later, Russia became the first communist nation under Lenin. This is a huge piece of history that would affect Russia for decades. It still affects the country now even after the downfall of the communist government.
I applaud you on your blog about the Russian government during World War 1. It is interesting to see how Russia was having external problems with other countries, but they also have internal conflicts within their government. Sending troops into a war without proper supplies and/or training is disgusting. Sending young men into battle with no weapons is just atrocious. They are putting their lives on their line to fight for their country with no weapons. It surprises me how people in power do not think for the lives of their people. I am glad that Czar Nicholas II was run off the throne before any more lives are wasted at the expense of his foolish leadership.
I find it interesting that you chose to focus on Russia during World War I being that they weren't a huge part of the war. I agree with the fact that it was fascinating to see how much Russia was influenced and changed ,but also feel as if their part in the war was very minimal and was the least influential.
The Paris Peace Conference was held to discuss international affairs, but what I seemed to find was that many Americans back home didn't even acknowledge what was going on in Paris simply because of post war recession. The country was filled with stress the day after the armistice was signed. They felt that the fighting ended sooner that it was planned originally. The country went into mass restoration. Inflation soon took over the country because of high in demand for consumer goods, which resulted in the country to abandon their wartime prices. For about two years, consumer goods increased on average fifteen percent each year. That’s a whopping thirty percent. That’s like a ten dollar shirt being worth eighteen dollars for the same shirt within two years due to supply in demand. You can’t even imagine what its like during that time period. Businesses were being bankrupted. About five million American’s jobs were lost, and about half a million farmers’ lands were taken. Five million! That’s a lot of people. Americans who did have jobs were at also at stake because they worried about job security. They could be instantly be replaced by the next guy on the waiting line. This was a very stressful time for Americans.
(Daniela Cavallaro, pd. 8)
Dave, I agree with you on the effects of World War I. The aftermath of WWI saw harsh social, political, and cultural changes across the United States, Europe, Asia, Africa, and more. Places such as Germany, Austria, and Turkey lost a lot of their land and resources. The loss of many lives during the war was felt all around the world. During the period after WWI, the United States was facing an economic slowdown. Since the war ended sooner than expected, all the businesses that were selling warfare supplies suddenly went out of business. These businesses had no more costumers. Due to this, the businesses began to lay off all their workers. First, African Americans were laid off, other minorities, and then women. During the period after the war, there were also many disputes between businesses. Life in the U.S. was no longer the same because of the effects of the destructive war. It must of been such a stressful and horrifying time for all the people living in this time period.
Dave was able to make a clear and concise point about something that is not often talked about in history classes which is the aftermath that was left in America during and after the war. A problem that men face during this time, but not as extreme as World War II is that soldiers had a tough time getting a job when they came back because their position in the company was most likely taken. Businesses were shutting down because of the resources for many things weren't available because the government needed resources to fuel the war. Everyday Americans faced hardships and were emotionally taxed after the war and left no slack for Americans to pick back up and resume their lives. Instead, they could only be faced with more problems that were soon to come such as more bank crises and extreme consumer inflation that did not parallel wage inflation.
AP US History II
12 October 2015
President Woodrow Wilson led the nation into World War I with the assurance that it would lead up to a “just and stable peace to its conclusion”. In order to justify himself President Wilson went before Congress on January 8, 1918 to explain the aims and goals from which the impending war would give. Wilson stated fourteen points that ultimately fell into three categories. In the proposals Wilson provided there were recommendations for postwar boundaries in order to replace the Ottoman and the Austro-Hungarian Empires. The second category or proposal there were five principles included which Wilson stated in order for future international conduct. These principle included reduction in weaponries, free trade, freedom of the seas, impartial mediation of colonial claims, and for there to be no secret treaties. The last proposal was for there to be an established League of Nations in order for the principles he stated to be executed in order to avoid future confrontations. However, there were several inconsistencies with Wilson’s proposals. Wilson did not provide information on how economic rivalries affected the international relationships between the countries and the ways this affected the tensions which were already present between the nations. Wilson believed that once these principled were enforced and international community accepted these principles there could be peace between the nations.
AP US History II
12 October 2015
Response to Hasmin
Hasmin, the topic that you chose reflected on worldly changes that originated during World War I. President Wilson’s Fourteen Points outlined his vision of the future. By proposing new postwar boundaries, control of certain lands would shift from country to country. Every map would have to change and be reprinted in order to stay true to the new boundaries. By proposing new rules for international conduct, countries would be friendlier with each other. The reduction of weapons and free trade increase the amount of peace and interaction between countries. The idea of the League of Nations would unite the world. The League of Nations would also help with making sure that the other rules are being abided by the nations of the world. Despite Wilson avoiding some specific details about certain interactions with countries, his Fourteen Points granted the world a new possibility.
(Daniela Cavallaro, pd. 8)
Dave, I agree with you on the effects of World War I. The aftermath of WWI saw harsh social, political, and cultural changes across the United States, Europe, Asia, Africa, and more. Places such as Germany, Austria, and Turkey lost a lot of their land and resources. The loss of many lives during the war was felt all around the world. During the period after WWI, the United States was facing an economic slowdown. Since the war ended sooner than expected, all the businesses that were selling warfare supplies suddenly went out of business. These businesses had no more costumers. Due to this, the businesses began to lay off all their workers. First, African Americans were laid off, other minorities, and then women. During the period after the war, there were also many disputes between businesses. Life in the U.S. was no longer the same because of the effects of the destructive war.
Paola De La Cruz
AP US History II
12 October 2015
The Platt Amendment was a document that basically established American dominance over Cuba. It was an amendment to the Army Appropriations Bill of 1901. The Platt Amendment was drafted by Secretary of War Elihu Root and it was presented by Senator Orville H. Platt in 1903. It consisted of seven provisions which stated that Cuba was prohibited from making treaties with any other countries, Cuba was only allowed to acquire debts it could pay off, American intervention was permitted, sanitary conditions of Cuban cities must be improved, and Cuba must sell or lease lands to the United States for coaling or naval purposes. In order to successfully finalize the removal of American troops who had been occupying the country since the Spanish American war, Cubans reluctantly agreed to the terms of the amendment, hence making Cuba a protectorate of the United States. Roosevelt's intention was to better the relationship between the United States and Latin America. However, the provisions also restricted Cuba's self-determination. While American intervention in Cuba was meant to preserve Cuban independence, many Cubans felt that their independence was being violated. This is a clear example of imperialism and trying to civilize the uncivilized.
This also brings up an interesting debatable topic which is still pertinent today. Foreign policy and the US approach to foreign affairs has always been surrounded by controversy. How much control should the United States exercise on other countries, if any at all?
The Platt Amendment was later nullified in 1934 with F. D. R.'s Good Neighbor Policy.
I agree with you Paola! To an extent, it becomes apparent that the United States have become to involved with problems that don't concern them. Of course, the country must keep tabs on foreign countries to protect themselves; however, I feel as if they are being overprotective.
Wow Paola! Reading this made me understand that you really understood this part of the chapter. I agree with you just like Sarah did.The part i found interseting was that the Platt Amendment was later nullified in 1934 with F. D. R.'s Good Neighbor Policy. I really enjoyed reading this article.
The first World War was full of death and destruction. The many countries involved had a huge part in the war and its origins. The war was blamed mostly on Germany but in reality many other countries that were involved were also at fault. The main reasons for the war could be classified into four main categories. One of those categories is militarism. The European countries of pre-World War 1 had rapidly increased their military power. This led to another category, nationalism. This meant that the different ethnic groups in Europe had increased pride. Another category that causes the Great War is the vast imperialism of all the countries that want to increase their power around the globe. Great Britain, France, Italy, Russia, and Germany had various colonies outside of continental Europe. The last and final catergory was the many alliances made between the main powers in Europe. There were two sides in Europe. The Triple Alliance consisting of Germany, Italy, and the Austro-Hungarian Empire. The second was the Triple Entente which consisted of Great Britain, France, and Russia. The spark that finally blew it all open was the assassination of the Archduke Ferdinand of the Austro-Hungarian empire. The assassin was a rebel that was a part of a group that wanted independence from the Empire. They were from Serbia so the empire declared war on Serbia. Since Serbia was a good friend of Russia, Russia declared war on the empire. Then since the empire was in an alliance with Germany, Germany then declared war on Russia. From there all hell broke loose. In the end, the winners blamed Germany since they were the most involved.
I agree with you on the statement that World War 1 was full of death and destruction. It was a brutal and expensive war. I found your post very interesting in the fact that WW1 was the effect of many unfortunate events piling up on one another. Nationalism, Imperialism, and militarization are only some of the reasons why this war happened. It's also really sad that Germany was blamed for everything when, in reality, all of the European countries were responsible. Sadly, this blame acted as the fuel for the second World War which would plague Europe with bloodshed once again.
I entirely agree with your concept on how brutal the war was. The casualty count was over 38 million people with 17 million deaths and 20 million wounded. I also agree on how Germany wasn't entirely at fault and the blame shouldn't have been entirely set upon their shoulders. After all each and every country is to blame for jumping in on this. However, in the end it seemed everyone wanted a taste of the action but no one wanted the blame. Sadly this won't be the first time Germany is blamed for a war, seeing as in World War 2 they are a major causation.
After learning about WWI, the efforts to get people involved were apparent. Propaganda posters were targeted to specific groups of people to convince them to see the benefits of participating in the war efforts. Commercial advertising was used to create an image to make the war seem glamorous and something everyone should be a part of. Therefore, people felt obligated, pressured to partake in the war efforts. Also, anybody was able to help because even the slightest bit would truly be beneficial. Even children and the elderly qualified as contenders in the bloody war. The posters were also used to show the country's point of view on the war by depicting their enemies as the "bad guy" in the cartoons. All in all, the number of participants in WWI had greatly increased after the creation of these convincing illustrations.
Sarah, I agree with your statement on propaganda influencing people to join the war. I would like to add the fact that negative propaganda was also created at this time. Some of these illustrations had the exact opposite affect on the people of America. Some turned away when they saw the blood battle illustrations because they were frightened. However, there is always some good with the bad and vice versa. I notice that in this situation. Overall- nice job on your post! It was very clear to understand.
I agree to this statement for the propaganda during WW1 was majorly done for recruiting soldiers for war. bonds were enforced and the image of stating which side are you on when it came to the bright realistic view of war or in the dark unaware of what going on. These recruiting propaganda effects made it surreal a fact that any who were in high school and or or young or volunteering state that once you turn 18 you had to come to war for the country of the US counted on them. so many who joined were not fit for battle, because many did have little, or no experience.
AP US History 2
12 October 2015
The Technology of WW1
The technology of WW1 really intrigues me the most about the whole subject. The war was the first to bring in many advanced technologies that were efficient, devastating, and high tech. These technologies include, but are not limited to, tanks, armored vehicles, poison gas, machine guns, and planes. The advancement in guns made the war even deadlier. The advent of the machine gun led to a higher casualty and mortality rate in all sides. These weapons changed military strategies and how commanders planned their attacks. Calvary charges were now dangerous and inefficient. Machine guns were one of many new tools that led to WW1 becoming a war fought with trenches. Planes also made their first appearance as tools of war in WW1. These planes revolutionized war-time surveillance and led to two new methods of warfare, bombing and dog-fighting. The skies became a dangerous place, as dangerous as the trenches below. Poison gas appeared in WW1 as well. This new tool was the stuff of nightmares. It was used to clear out trenches and large amounts of soldiers. Gases such as chlorine and mustard gas caused blindness, suffocation, burning of skin and insides and much more. These weapons were incredibly deadly. Overall, these new technologies paved the way for warfare as people know it today. They are responsible for new military tactics and strategies that changed the way humans waged war forever. These tools are also responsible for the countless casualties during WW1 and beyond.
Weapons and technology used in WW1.
Some of the weapons and technologies of WW1 were Airplanes. Airplanes were primarily made of canvas, wood, and wire. At first they were used only to observe enemy troops. As their effectiveness became apparent, both sides shot planes down with artillery from the ground and with rifles, pistols, and machine guns from other planes. In 1916, the Germans armed planes with machine guns that could fire forward without shooting off the fighters’ propellers. The Allies soon armed their airplanes the same way, and war in the air became a deadly business. These light, highly maneuverable fighter planes attacked each other in wild air battles called dogfights. Pilots who were shot down often remained trapped in their falling, burning planes, for they had no parachutes. Airmen at the front did not often live long. Germany also used its fleet of huge dirigibles, or zeppelins, and large bomber planes to drop bombs on British and French cities. Britain retaliated by bombing German cities. Another was Chemical Warfare. Chemical Warfare irst appeared when the Germans used poison gas during a surprise attack in Flanders, Belgium, in 1915. At first, gas was just released from large cylinders and carried by the wind into nearby enemy lines. Later, phosgene and other gases were loaded into artillery shells and shot into enemy trenches. The Germans used this weapon the most, realizing that enemy soldiers wearing gas masks did not fight as well. All sides used gas frequently by 1918. Its use was a frightening development that caused its victims a great deal of suffering, if not death.
Evan, I agree with your paragraph. The technology in world war 1 was useful as well as deadly. The gases killed instantly and without any effort. It was an easy killing tactic.
Evan, I also agree with your ideas stated. World War I was the birth of chemical warfare. It allowed for massive damage to be dealt from a distance with relative safety. Over the course of the war all sides adopted this method of warfare because of its effectiveness as you stated. The gases would kill victims almost immediately and readily.
12 October 2015
At the start of the war, the German Empire had cruisers scattered across the globe, some of which were subsequently used to attack Allied merchant shipping. The British Royal Navy systematically hunted them down, though not without some embarrassment from its inability to protect Allied shipping. For example, the German detached light cruiser SMS Emden, part of the East-Asia squadron stationed at Qingdao, seized or destroyed 15 merchantmen, as well as sinking a Russian cruiser and a French destroyer. However, most of the German East-Asia squadron—consisting of the armoured cruisers and, light cruisers and and two transport ships—did not have orders to raid shipping and was instead underway to Germany when it met British warships. The German flotilla and sank two armoured cruisers at the Battle of Coronel, but was almost destroyed at the Battle of the Falkland Islands in December 1914, with only Dresden and a few auxiliaries escaping, but at the Battle of Más a Tierra these too were destroyed or interned.
Soon after the outbreak of hostilities, Britain began a naval blockade of Germany. The strategy proved effective, cutting off vital military and civilian supplies, although this blockade violated accepted international law codified by several international agreements of the past two centuries. Britain mined international waters to prevent any ships from entering entire sections of ocean, causing danger to even neutral ships. Since there was limited response to this tactic, Germany expected a similar response to its unrestricted submarine warfare.
The 1916 Battle of Jutland developed into the largest naval battle of the war, the only full-scale clash of battleships during the war, and one of the largest in history. It took place on 31 May – 1 June 1916, in the North Sea off Jutland. The Kaiserliche Marine's High Seas Fleet, commanded by Vice Admiral Reinhard Scheer, squared off against the Royal Navy's Grand Fleet, led by Admiral Sir John Jellicoe. The engagement was a stand off, as the Germans, outmaneuvered by the larger British fleet, managed to escape and inflicted more damage to the British fleet than they received. Strategically, however, the British asserted their control of the sea, and the bulk of the German surface fleet remained confined to port for the duration of the war.
German U-boats attempted to cut the supply lines between North America and Britain. The nature of submarine warfare meant that attacks often came without warning, giving the crews of the merchant ships little hope of survival. The United States launched a protest, and Germany changed its rules of engagement. After the sinking of the passenger ship RMS Lusitania in 1915, Germany promised not to target passenger liners, while Britain armed its merchant ships, placing them beyond the protection of the "cruiser rules", which demanded warning and placing crews in "a place of safety" . Finally, in early 1917, Germany adopted a policy of unrestricted submarine warfare, realizing that the Americans would eventually enter the war. Germany sought to strangle Allied sea lanes before the United States could transport a large army overseas, but could maintain only five long-range U-boats on station, to limited effect. The U-boats had sunk more than 5,000 Allied ships, at a cost of 199 submarines. World War I also saw the first use of aircraft carriers in combat, with launching Sopwith Camels in a successful raid against the Zeppelin hangars at Tondern in July 1918, as well as blimps for antisubmarine patrol.
A.P. USH 2
12 October 2015
The Zimmerman Telegram had been a result of Germany sending a telegram to Arthur Zimmenrman, German foreign minister, in Mexico. British cryptographers decoded the telegram in which it had offered Mexico U.S territory in turn for support of joining their cause. This in turn had angered America vastly and was what drew them into the war. However Britain waited until February to inform Willson of this, the telegram was decoded in January, in order to protect their intelligence and capitalize their anti-german sentiment in the U.S. News of this telegram hit the press in March and U.S Congress officially declared war on Germany and their allies in April.
This i strongly believe is the real reason that the U.S entered WW1. for if this proposal did not upset the US intervening in foreign relations wouldn't have occurred. nicely written by the way.
I agree with both of you, Sam and Dahana, the Zimmerman telegram was an internal diplomatic communication issued from the German Foreign Office in January, 1917 that proposed a military alliance between Germany and Mexico in the event of the United States entering World War I against Germany.
War in Europe in 1914 with Germany and Austria-Hungary fighting Britain, France, Italy, and Russia affected U.S. interests from the start. The British and the German navies both interfered with American shipping, but German submarine attacks were deadly. Almost 130 Americans died when a submarine sank the British ocean liner Lusitania in 1915. President Woodrow Wilson demanded an end to the attacks, and they stopped for a while, but by 1917 they kept going. The United States declared war.
The efforts of more than 1,750,000 U.S. troops played a big role in the defeat of the German and Austro-Hungarian alliance. An agreement, well really a truce but actually a surrender, happened on November 11, 1918.
President Wilson negotiated an end to the conflict based on his 14-point plan for achieving lasting peace. It included an end to secret international agreements, free trade between nations, self-rule for European nationalities, and an association of the League of Nations to help guarantee political independence and large and small countries alike.
The onset of new new technology in the early 1900's gave way to new battle styles and techniques during world war 1. These technologies range from equipment used under the sea to flying airborne vehicles. These vehicles changed the way battle was conducted. These changes gave rise also to trench warfare.
The idea of trench warfare was used because of the new automatic weapons introduced during world war 1. Previously muskets- rifles were used which were single fire and take much time to reload. The Gatling guns and other auto weapons forced soldiers to dig up to 12 foot hole-trench. These were used so that soldiers weren't in unnecessary line of fire. With trenches came the counter which was mustard gas and flamethrowers. Mustard gas was launched using artillery and grenades.
Planes just newly invented were used for reconnaissance and other nonlethal ways. While the war progressed they were turned into machines of death dropping bombs on enemies. Also getting machine guns added to them so they could shoot down other planes. they would later in history be used as the carriers of such weapons as the atomic bomb used in Hiroshima in ww2.
WW1 brought upon us a new wave technology that were mostly bad. It led the deaths of millions of men on all fronts of the battlefield. It led to cruel unethical war tactics such as mustard gas. These acts of violence were eventually temporarily stopped by the entrance of the United States into this struggle. In conclusion the onset of new technology changed the way war was conducted.
Women in World War I
After the United States entered the war in 1917, ladies bolstered the war exertion in different ways. In supplement to proceeding with their pre-war change work, ladies reformers in the club movement, the settlement house movement, and the suffrage movement sold war bonds and monitored sustenance. Ladies sent alleviation supplies to misery Europeans. A few ladies' gatherings sent assignments to Europe to give help to American soldiers.
The legislature affirmed a counseling advisory group, the Women's Committee of the Council of National Defense, headed by Dr. Anna Shaw, to arrange ladies' war works. In spite of valiant endeavors, the Women's Committee was only able to accomplish little ability.
All through the war, ladies additionally entered the work power. Some joined the naval force and marines while most got to be medical attendants. Those staying at home worked in factories or turned out to work for the government.
As should be obvious, World War I opened numerous entryways for Women. It permitted ladies to look for more work furthermore permitted them to vote the passing of the nineteenth Amendment,which gave women the right to vote. By and large, I feel Work War I had a beneficial outcome on ladies suffrage at the time and considered the United States to end up the nation that it is today.
The Assassination of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand was an immediate spark for hostiles which occurred in Europe 1914. Being that this act was a start to revolutionizing rivalries upon the "Triple Entente" and the "Triple Alliance." The Triple Entente included this allied forces of Great Britain, France, and Russia. The Triple Alliance insisted of Italy, Germany and Austria-Hungary. These two opposing sides declared war upon another and the fact that America who was not involved in this matter heard news and wanted nothing of foreign relation, all changed due Germany declaring a Submarine warfare and the sort of the Zimmerman Telegram, which included a proposal of Southwest America to Mexico. so ideally the main reason why WWI happen were because of MAIN(Militarism,Alliances,Imperialism,Nationalism)
Dahana just to I agree on what you have to say just to add more Ferdinanad was the archduke of Austria who was assassinated in 1914 by a Serbian terrorist, Gavrilo Princp. This was the starting point of WWI. His assassination was the start of World War 1.
The new technology and weapons that were made for the war, were complex and deadly. In this time, airplanes were shot down by artillery from the ground with riffles and pistols. Other planes, used machine guns to take down planes. Germany used bomber planes to drop bombs below on cities, destroying them completely. Tanks were used to cross trenches; tanks were unstoppable against German soldiers. On the other hand, while at sea, submarines attacked ships from underwater using torpedoes. From this, underwater listening devices were developed. Warships during the war became much more faster and powerful.
Since trench warfare, was being overused, no one was fighting therefore no one was winning or losing. Then, chemical warfare was invented. They invented mustard gas that, when came in contact, could be very harmful. This caused blistering and even blindness. War became even more dangerous than it was before.
APUSH Period 9
I completely agree with your thought about war being even more dangerous with the new technology. The technology was even more advanced that old school war and fighting on a line was no longer okay because more people would die that way. That's were trench warfare came in to sight to help prevent less death.
War Weapons up to WW1
From the beginning of time people have always wanted to be superior and to do that they would have to fight others and win t be dominant. alone ago to gain Thant dominance you would have to be stronger physically or just get lucky until weapons came along. Weapons started off with a rock thousands of years ago to a musket 250 years ago. The progression of weapons from a rock to a musket changed a lot but also a lot of time passed and many weapons such as a sword were created to build up to the creation of the musket.
Then if you fast forward about 150 in the early 1900's you have the First World War were a group of countries are trying to gain dominance and take over more land. And to fight a war for dominance between some of the biggest and strongest nations in the world you need some of the biggest and strongest weapons in the world which came to the creation of the WW1 weapons. One example of the new weapons was a tracer bullet which when shot emmited a phosphorescent trail which helped with fighting war at night because the soldier firing the gullet can see where it went and if it hit a target. This was created by Great Britain in 1916
Another weapon this time created by the Germans in 1915 is the flamethrower which was useful to nuetralize enemies in trenches without damaging the trench so it could be captured and used for the defending army. One of the other weapons created was the machine gun which would have to be reloaded every few thousand bullets shot. Along with the machine gun came the machine gun which was attached to planes so that planes in the air could attack and fire at troops on the ground.
Now that planes were created there needed to be a way to communicate with the planes besides a flare so the United States created air traffic control. In 1917 the first himam voice was heard from a radio coming from a plane.
With the creation of the machine gun the creation of the tank came along too. Tanks solved the problem of trenches were people would fire and nothing would happen because everyone would just be hiding in the trench. Now with a tank soldiers can drive up to the enemy trench and fire at them while inside this big armored veichlce powered by diesel.
One weapon that caused problems for everyone was poisonous gas which was used by both sides and could kill every soldier not wearing a gas mask. Then as time passed the poisonous gas progressed from chlorine vein spread in the air to mustard gas which was not inhaled but was absorbed through the skin and cause soldier to feel as if they were suffocating.
Since Germany was causing a problem by killing thousands of sailors and sinking tons of cargo using their U Boat the Depth Charge was created. The depth charge was an underwater bomb that could be thrown off a ship and using a hydrostatic pistol that measured water pressure they'd exploded at certain pressures causing U Boats to sink. The first U Boat to be sunk by a depth charge was March 22, 1916. Now to use the depth charge you needed to know we're the U Boat was which lead to the creation of the hydrophone.
I agree with you that the new war tactic and due to new invention of weapon was a great help through the war. Due to new weapon soldier built trenches to reduce the number of death. I really agree with you with the new poisonous gas (mustard gas). It was deadly to people who was not wearing a gas mask. It was the easiest weapon and pass through like virus. More technology advantage did help other countries but made problem for themselves. For example the sinking of the Lusitania and killing American. Due to the torpedoe of American ship by the Germany lead the U.S. To enter World War I. Due to technology advances increase the fatality of men in the army. Throughout the war new weapon are being made like the machine gun, the u boat, and etc... Especially the u boat it help through the war because you could go unseen and it a great tactic when fighting in water against enemy.
History remembers trench warfare as wasteful, futile, and uninspired, but in reality it was a deeply thought-out system that underwent constant revision. Here's how it worked during World War I. It was around this time 100 years ago that the mobile battlefield along the Western Front ground to a screeching halt a 440 mile stretch that barely moved in the ensuing four years.
As the war raged and spread in 1914, a curious development occurred on the Western Front. Owing to exhaustion, dwindling reserves, and the horrific loss of life, both sides dug in and assumed a defensive posture. The appalling battles of August showed that moving troops on open ground was a prescription for mass suicide. Once things settled after the First Battle at the Marne, troops were ordered to seek cover in trenches. It was meant to be temporary, but the realities of 20th century warfare would prove otherwise.
Trench warfare or what could also be referred to as siege warfare was forced upon the combatants for a number of other reasons. Unlike the situation in the East, the Western Front settled along a relatively short stretch of land. On either side of this bitterly fought over line were massive accumulations of armies and the combined industrial strength of the primary combatants. But perhaps most importantly, the necessity of trench warfare emerged owing to the state of technology in the second decade of the 20th century.
A new era in warfare was born on the battlefields during 1915. German troops launched a chlorine gas attack in the first ever large-scale use of chemical weapons. It was only one of the innovations seen during World War I, and not all of them were as deadly.All sides were looking for a way to break through enemy lines at the time and they spent billions on the search. The result was an advance in technology. Researchers invented mobile radio telephones, engineers constructed cannons capable of firing shells and fighter planes were flown into battle zones for the first time ever.
The development of arms and ammunition and the growth of telecommunications, railways were major outcomes of World War I. These set the ball rolling for future developments in the postwar years.
APUSH PERIOD 9
Something that interested me in chapter 21 was the great migration. The Great Migration was the movement of 6 million African Americans out of the rural Southern United States to the urban Northeast, Midwest, and West that occurred between 1910 and 1970. Some historians differentiate between the first Great Migration (1910–1930), numbering about 1.6 million migrants who left mostly rural areas to migrate to northern industrial cities; and, after a lull during the Great Depression. The movement of African Americans from the South to the industrial centers of the Northeast and the Midwest. Causes for migration included decreasing cotton prices, the lack of immigrant workers in the North, increased manufacturing as a result of the war, and the strengthening of the KKK. Migration led to higher wages, more educational opportunities, and better standards of life for some blacks.
APUSH Period 9
The Great War, World War One, consisted of two stages: conventional warfare that lasted from 1914 to 1916, and a war of desperate expedients, when both sides struggled for their own existences, lasting until the end. Overall, after learning about this war it's fascinating to see how much Germany as a country and it's people changed.During this time Germany had a dictator and had a goal to become one the main central powers. They actions taken by that country showed how ruthless their leaders were during this time period.Germany had a variety of reasons for being willing to be involved in this war. One of these reasons was that the assassination was an example of the Hapsburg's loss of control and if Austria were to decline to Germany's offer, Germany would be completely surrounded by enemies. The German government also knew that Russia would lose a major base in Europe if they were to lose Yugoslavia. An annexation of Yugoslavia would also leave Greece and Bulgaria open to attack. Germany believed that Russia would back down like they had in 1908, when Austria had annexed parts of Serbia.
Germany had been developing plans for invasions into every European country since the time of Bismarck. One of these plans was called the Schlieffen Plan. The plan basically called for quick, encircling movements that would surround and destroy the enemy. During World War One we were still seeing the nationalistic tide that was begun by Otto von Bismarck and would ultimately end after the Second World War. Germany was a country that had just unified forty years earlier, after decisively beating almost every European country.
Thanks for a greaat read
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